How to vote in Alabama

This guide contains information about the 2018 midterm election held on November 6. It may be out-of-date.
 
Election day is Tuesday, November 6. Alabama offers absentee ballots by mail to voters who will be unable to vote in person. All other voters are expected to vote in person.

Who can vote

You have to register to vote before election day in Alabama. You can find the deadline to register to vote in the "Dates and deadlines" section.

To register in Alabama you must:
  • be a citizen of the United States
  • be a resident of Alabama and your county at the time of registration
  • be 18 years old before any election
  • not have been convicted of a felony punishable by imprisonment in the penitentiary (or have had your civil and political rights restored)
  • not currently be declared mentally incompetent through a competency hearing
  • swear or affirm to "support and defend the Constitution of the U.S. and the State of Alabama and further disavow any belief or affiliation with any group which advocates the overthrow of the governments of the U.S. or the State of Alabama by unlawful means and that the information contained herein is true, so help me God"

Vote in person

Vote on election day

Voters registered in Alabama can look up where to vote on Alabama's site or at GetToThePolls.com.

No early voting

Alabama does not offer an early voting period. If you will be unable to vote in person on Election Day, you can request an absentee ballot by mail or by visiting your local election office.

What to bring

  • You will need to show photo ID to vote in Alabama. Acceptable forms of valid (non-expired) photo ID include: Alabama driver's license; Alabama non-driver's ID card; Alabama photo voter ID card; photo ID card issued by Alabama or any other state; federal government issued ID; US passport; employee ID card issued by the federal government, the State of Alabama, county, municipality, board or other entity in Alabama; student or employee ID issued by a public or private college or university in Alabama; US military ID; or a valid tribal ID.
  • Voters without ID: If you are unable to provide ID, you will be able to vote a provisional ballot. In order for your ballot to be counted, you must provide your ID, including your address and your telephone number, to the board of registrars no later than 5:00 P.M. on the Friday following the election. If you fail to provide ID to the board of registrars by that time, your ballot will not be counted. In addition, voters who do not show valid photo ID at the polls can vote a regular ballot if they are positively identified by two election officials as a voter on the poll list who is eligible to vote and the election officials sign a sworn affidavit.

Vote by mail

  1. Review the absentee ballot application and confirm that you meet the eligibility requirements for voting absentee.
  2. Fill out the application completely.
  3. Submit the request to your local election office. You should request your ballot as far in advance of the election as possible. The deadline to request a ballot by mail is Thursday, November 1.
  4. When your ballot arrives, read it carefully and follow the instructions to complete it and return it.

See what's on the ballot

Learn more about what will be on your ballot at GetToThePolls.com or Ballotpedia.

Get step-by-step help

TurboVote can help you fill out your ballot request form, send you election reminders, and more. If you'd like more help planning how to vote, we can walk you through the process!

Military and overseas voters

Active-duty military, their families, and voters living outside the US can register to vote and request their absentee ballot using the Federal Post Card Application (FPCA). To do so:
  1. Fill out the Federal Post Card Application (FPCA), or download a copy. Your election official may have questions, so please provide an email address or phone number where they can reach you.
  2. Send the application to your election official.
  3. It is never too early to submit an FPCA! Please do so as soon as possible. You can look up recommended mailing dates by country and region.
  4. When your ballot arrives, read it carefully and follow the instructions to complete it and return it.
  5. States begin mailing absentee ballots at least 45 days before Election Day. If you haven't received your ballot by 30 days before Election Day, contact your local election office.
If after submitting your FPCA, your ballot does not arrive, contact your election official first. Then:
  • You can still vote using the Federal Write-In Absentee Ballot (FWAB). Print, sign, and mail your FWAB to your local election office.
  • If you mail a FWAB and then receive your regular absentee ballot, you should complete and mail your absentee ballot also. Election officials will ensure that only one ballot is counted.
The Federal Voting Assistance Program – FVAP.gov offers additional information on military and overseas voting in Alabama.

Check your voter registration status

You can look up your voter registration record and verify that your information is correct using Alabama's voter registration lookup tool.

Dates and deadlines

  • Election day is Tuesday, November 6.
  • The deadline to register online is Monday, October 22.
  • The deadline for registering to vote by mail is Monday, October 22.
  • The deadline to register to vote in person is Monday, October 22.
  • The deadline to request a ballot by mail is Thursday, November 1.

Election contact information for Alabama

Address:
Secretary of State
State Capitol Building - Suite E-208, 600 Dexter Avenue
Montgomery, AL 36130

Phone Number:
(800) 274-8683